Cấu trúc câu phổ biến trong tiếng Anh (Phần 1)

Popular Sentence Structure in English (Part 1)

  1. S + V+ too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something

(quá….         (khiến cho ai) không thể làm gì…).

e.g.1 This structure is too difficult for me to remember.

e.g.2: He ran too fast for me to follow.

 

  1. S + V + so + adj/ adv + that +S + V (quá… đến nỗi mà…).

e.g.1: This box is so heavy that I cannot take it.

e.g2: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything.

 

  1. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V (quá… đến nỗi mà…).

e.g.1: It is such a heavy box that I cannot take it.

e.g.2: It is such interesting books that I cannot ignore them at all.

 

  1. S + V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something.

(Đủ… cho ai đó làm gì…).

 e.g.1: She is old enough to get married.

e.g.2: They are intelligent enough for me to teach them English.

 

  1. Have/ get + something + done (VpII) (nhờ ai hoặc thuê ai làm gì…).

e.g.1: I had my hair cut yesterday.

e.g.2: I’d like to have my shoes repaired.

 

  1. It + be + time + S + V (-ed, cột 2) / It’s +time +for someone +to do something

(đã đến lúc ai đó phải làm gì…).

e.g.1: It is time you had a shower.

e.g.2: It’s time for me to ask all of you for this question.

 

  1. It + takes/took+ someone + amount of time + to do something

(làm gì… mất bao nhiêu thời gian…).

e.g.1: It takes me 5 minutes to get to school.

e.g.2: It took him 10 minutes to do this exercise yesterday.

 

  1. To prevent/stop + someone/something + From + V-ing

 (ngăn cản ai/cái gì… không làm gì..).

 

  1. S + find+ it+ adj to do something

(thấy … để làm gì…),

 e.g.1: I find it very difficult to learn about English.

e.g.2: They found it easy to overcome that problem.

 

  1. To prefer + Noun/ V-ing + to + N/ V-ing.

(Thích cái gì/làm gì hơn cái gì/ làm gì).

e.g.1: I prefer dog to cat.

e.g.2: I prefer reading books to watching TV.

 

  1. Would rather + V­ (infinitive) + than + V (infinitive)

(thích làm gì hơn làm gì).

e.g.1: She would play games than read books.

e.g.2: I’d rather learn English than learn Biology.

 

  1. To be/get Used to + V-ing (quen làm gì),

e.g.1: I am used to eating with chopsticks.

  1. Used to + V (infinitive)

(Thường làm gì trong qk và bây giờ không làm nữa),

e.g.1: I used to go fishing with my friend when I was young.

e.g.2: She used to smoke 10 cigarettes a day.

  1. to be amazed at = to be surprised at + N/V-ing: ngạc nhiên về…
  1. to be angry at + N/V-ing: tức giận về
  1. to be good at/ bad at + N/ V-ing: giỏi về…/ kém về…
  1. by chance = by accident (adv): tình cờ
  1.  to be/get tired of + N/V-ing: mệt mỏi về…
  1. can’t stand/ help/ bear/ resist + V-ing: không nhịn được làm gì…
  1. to be keen on/ to be fond of + N/V-ing : thích làm gì đó…

Nguồn: sưu tầm